Artificial Plants are imitations of natural flowering plants used for commercial or residential decoration. They are sometimes made for scientific purposes.

Five main processes may be distinguished:

Artificial Plants

Artificial Plants

The first step consists of putting the polyester fabric in gelatin in order to stiffen it.
The second consists of cutting up the various polyester fabrics and materials employed into shapes suitable for forming the leaves, petals, etc.; this may be done with scissors, but is more often done with stamps that can cut through a dozen or more thicknesses at one blow.
Next, the veins of the leaves are impressed by means of silk screen printing with a dye, and the petals are given their natural rounded forms by offering irons of various shapes.
The next step is to assemble the petals and other parts of the flower, which is built up from the center outwards.

Flower bouquet with prepared rose blossoms and silk flowers
The fifth is to mount the flower on a stalk of brass or iron wire wrapped with suitably colored material, and to add the leaves to complete the spray.

Artificial Plants

Artificial Plants

While the material most often used to make artificial flowers is polyester fabric, both paper and cloth flowers are also made with origami.

Artificial Plants

Artificial Plants

Nylon stocking flowers
The art of nylon flower making is an easy to learn craft which uses simple tools and inexpensive material to achieve stunning results. Nylon flower making enjoyed a brief popularity in the United States in the 1970s and soon became very popular in Japan. In recent years, the craft’s popularity has spread Asia, Europe and Australia. With the advent of new colors and materials, the art has expanded to infinite new possibilities of nylon flower making.

The basic materials needed to make nylon flowers include: wire, stem wire, nylon stocking, nylon threading, floral tape and stamen. Some flowers require cotton balls or sheets (or batting), white glue, acrylic paint and paint brushes.